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System of Stoicism :

Stoic Philosophy is broken down into three very intertwined and equal parts. The first of which being Logic. Stoics follow the logic of Aristotle with a mix of a claim that the mind, a blank slate, is filled with the input from our five senses. Our minds process this input and this input is called knowledge. Then add a dash that truth is solely derived from feelings (passion, desire, etc…) and those feelings twist the truth.

It has been said that Stoics use “Soft Determinism”, which is the idea of combination of cause and effect and sometimes there are effects with no determined causes. The combination of the two brings us to the idea of free will. Stoics are also very well known for language, grammar, and epistemology. They also use the method below to show a valid argument:

  • if p then q; p; therefore q (modus ponens);
  • if p then q; not q; therefore not-p (modus tollens);
  • it is not the case that both p and q; p; therefore not-q;
  • either p or q; p; therefore not-q;
  • either p or q; not p; therefore q

The second part is Physics. Stoics believe that the mind, body, and soul are all one creature and not separate entities. They also believe that the world and universe are one organic being; God / Creative Fire. Everything is connected to the Creative Fire, everything is materail.

Stoics feel that nothing exists that you can not touch. The ideas of the elements were widely used. There are two active ones; fire and air. There are also two passive ones water and earth. All of which are material.

Ethics is the last part. The Stoics believe in living with nature and that nature is the absolute law (i.e. God or the Creative Fire since it is all one organic being). To live happily one must comply with the rules and flow of nature as well as be totally rational and logical. To avoid any useless problems that might arise, Stoics deprived themselves of such emotions like passion and desires. While remaining unaware of issues like money and wealth they have more focus. Therefore the practice of self control is one of the major aspects of Stoicism. Stoics strive to be virtuous. They are always seeking truth.

Make no mistakes; Stoics still have a broad range of emotions. It is just a preferred practice to keep certain ones under lock and keep as to not distort and twist the truth. Emotions like passion and desire easily cloud the truth. Stoics prefer to remain rational and logical at all times while trying to be virtuous and true to themselves and the Creative Fire.